Research in the Arctic – and elsewhere – is not only an investigation of what is happening, but also the basis for our predictions of what will happen in the future. Modelling the complex interplay between ocean, atmosphere, terrestrial and sea ice processes allows us to make predictions of future changes in the Arctic and its impacts on the rest of the world.
One of the ARP’s main objectives is therefore to further improve existing models based on research undertaken by its scientists. Furthermore, the Arctic needs to be tied into global-scale models to understand how changes there might affect the UK and other areas of the world on timescales from months to decades and beyond.
Image credit: NASA.